Unlike eye conditions such as cataracts that are usually associated with aging, keratoconus is a disorder most often linked to the young. It typically develops in patients between the ages of 10 and 25. Our optometrist in Secane notes that the best treatment outcome is associated with an early diagnosis and prompt care. An eye exam at Gregg Family Eye Care will reveal this condition and other vision disorders.
Keratoconus is sometimes frustrating to patients because it follows an unpredictable progression. In some cases, it takes a decade for the most common symptoms of blurred vision and light or glare sensitivity to appear. However, for other individuals, they develop much more quickly.
This condition arises after the cornea of the eye thins. This process results in a change in the shape of the cornea from a ball to a cone as well as a distortion of the cornea’s normally smooth surface. This is called irregular astigmatism. A weakening of the collagen fibers that normally secure the cornea permits it to bulge over time.
Researchers have yet to pinpoint a cause for this condition. However, many suspect that environmental and genetic factors might have a role. Roughly 1 in 10 keratoconus patients has one parent with the disorder.
The most common symptoms associated with this condition include:
- Blurred or distorted vision
- Frequent changes in eyewear prescriptions
- Vision that suddenly worsens or becomes cloudy
- Increased light or glare sensitivity, especially after dark
Fortunately, we offer several treatment options for keratoconus once a comprehensive eye exam has revealed a positive diagnosis. For patients still in the early stages, eyeglasses are the standard therapy. Once the progression of the disorder occurs, many patients benefit from special contact lenses. This typically includes a series with piggyback, scleral, and gas permeable contact lenses.
Collagen cross-linking pairs vitamin B12 and ultraviolet light and can be helpful for some sufferers. Surgeons can implant inserts known as intacs to return the curve of the cornea to normal in some cases. A final option is a corneal transplant. Our practice provides pre- and post-operative care when surgery is deemed appropriate.
Schedule an Eye Exam with Our Optometrist in Secane, PA
At Gregg Family Eye Care in Secane, we offer a wide range of optometry services. Whether you need prescription eyewear or diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as keratoconus or glaucoma, we provide the most modern and progressive vision care available. If it has been a while since your last eye exam, call us today at 610-543-1219 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Gregg.